Constantinoble – Istanbul
Originally city was founded by name of Byzantium around 670 BC by Greeks. Later on Roman emperor Constantine I transferred the imperial capital from its historic base – Rome – to Byzantium in 330 AD. He named the city as Constantinople and it started to develop fast forward because it’s magnificient location. Magnificient Place near sea routes and crossroad of East and West made Constantinople a success story.
When Western Rome finally collapsed in fourth century BC, Eastern Rome continued to live as new Roman empire with Contantinople as it’s center. Emeperos Justinianus and his warlord Belisarius made Rome in fifth century nearly as big as old Rome.
Then came difficult times as new religion from east started to conquere land and was heading on west. One by one Byzantium (former Eastern Rome) lost Spain, North Africa and middle East. In Manzikirt army of Byzantium suffered a heavy loss to Turkish invaders and lost whole Anatolia. Difficult times came but Byzantium managed to survive and grow again when Timur Lenk defeated muslims and Turkish army.
As always in Greek cities there was a temple in Akropolis – on high hill.
There were civil strife and confusion inside Constantinople and finally even crusaders occupied and sacked the city. But once again the city raised itself and became a capital of Byzantium. But tides where turning and new enemy Ottomans conquered all lands in Anatolia and also on European side of the city. Finally ottomans were even reaching Hungary and Vienna.
Maybe these scary soldiers where those one who conquered Constantinople – elite soldiers Janitsars.
Things were looking now really bad for Constantinople. They were standing alone as a separate city in middle of Ottomans empire. So Mehmed II build a fortress – Rumelian castle – in shores of Posboros near the city. He gathered a toll and prevented mercant ships to travel through into the city. Then he started a two months siege over Constantinople and finally city was conquered by the Ottoman Empire on Tuesday 29 May 1453. As they has promised Turks sacked the city throughly and burned and killed inhabitants. That was the end of that over 200o year old city, which probably had all the knowledge and scriptures from Greek-Roman civilations on Eastern Mediterranean.
Only little is left from old Greek-Roman city in these days.
An obelisk brought here by emperor Theodosius. Here used to be the most famous building of Contantinople – the hippodrome – the horse-chariot race arena.
This small corksrew is a famous column than one used to stand in hippodrome. Behind can be seen the column of Constantine.
Because of the old age of town it was full of Roman statues and grave Stones.
Yes – little is left from the jewel of Eastern Mediterranean. Constantinople is lost and vanished in to history … too bad!
These modern Istanbul is a city with more than 15 000 000 people! It is one of the biggest cities in Europe. It is spreading on wide area with modern high buildings.
And here is Grand Bazaar. And it really was a grand bazaar – corridors after corridors for several kilometers.