Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia about three kilometres southwest from today’s Selçuk (near İzmir) in Turkey. Some believe it had also earlier history and had name Apasa under Hittite regime. After those times Epheus was founded in 10th century BC as an Greek colonists. During the Classical Greek era it was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. The city flourished after it came under the control of the Roman Republic in 129 BC.
Small theatre of Ephesus – Odeon. I guess people of Ephesus were really interested about culture – because there is also another theatre. Much bigger…
Here up we can see also well to west where used to be harbor of Efesus, library and big theatre. And all the time flow of people travels towards west…
Here used to be the Prytaneion which was an administrative building. It had a courtyard in front of it and a large hall backside. Goddesses – named Curettes – held here in the middle of the yard Hestia’s sacred flame. This flame should never die.
This monument was a memorial to Memmius, son of Caius and grandson of the dictator Sulla. It was built in Ephesus during the 1st century AD by Augustus. As a consul Sulla conquered Asia minor for Rome but left bad memory of himself being a cruel dictator.
This stone describes probably Asklepios – god of healing and medicin. Ancient times nakes on a staff – like in this stone – ment hospitals and medical care. Some people thought that snake poison could be used to cure people – and maybe so… And in Roman times there used to be large medical school in Ephesus.
Probably in this pillar walks Hermes – god of merchants, shepherds, gamblers, thieves and liars. All in one god – cool! In his hand he is carrying a staff called cadeceus. In Roman world Hermes was Mercury who often carried cadeceus in his left hand. Even I have one of those statues.
Here used to be the fountain of Pollio opposite Domitian temple. It was built 97 AD By a rich family of Procullus and was dedicated to Roman Sextillius. In Roman times it was common sense to keep in good relations with Romans.
”One day I’ll fly away” – probably this Angel thinks so. I think it is an Angel!? Well – it’s actually Greek goddess Nike, who was dedicated to victory. It’s intersting that she has wings like an angel. Did Christians took her as a model for angel… Anyways she was daughter of Titan Pallas and Styx. Hmm interesting…
And who is this poor fellow who hae lost his head on past centuries…It is believed that it presents a woman doctor who had offered great services to Ephesus. Statue is from the Byzantine era.
We go forward in street of Curetes and on our left side there are terrace houses – made for rich people. They had two storeys and middle of the Roman type houses there was a yard. These houses had luxory because they had a heating systems and both cold and hot water.
There were mosaic and frescoes on the floors of the houses and the ground floors consisted of living and dining rooms while the upper ones housed the bedrooms. The ground floors along Curetes street housed stores.
Here was once Trajan’s fountain and it was built 2nd century BC. Those times there was a big statue of Trajan hiomself standing over pool – now only foot is left. There were also staues of Aphrodite, Dionysus, Satyr and the family of the Emperor.
Temples of Hadrian has been one of the most beautiful building in Ephesus. It was built alongside Curetes street 2nd century AD. The facade of temple had been decorated by statues of Tyche (goddess of Ephesus), Diocletian, Maximian, Constantius Chlorius and Galerius – Roman emperors all except first.
And here one of the most important building od Roman city – bublic toilet -latrines. As you can see there was a gutter in front of the seats where clean water flowed continuously.
This Celsus library was built in 117 A.D. It was a tomb and magnificient building dedicated for Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus – the governor of the province of Asia – from his son Galius Julius Aquila. In the entrance there was a statue of Athena because Athena was the goddess of the wisdom.
On the facade of Celsus library there are nice statues said to be the Wisdom, the Knowledge, the Intelligence and the Fortune. Is this statue of Sophia – the wisdom?
When entering forward through Gates one sees a large Agora also called Commercial Market square. It was the commercial centre of the city and the Marble Street went on it’s right side – route for Celsus to Great Theatre.