During their conquest Romans founded many new cities. One of those is Italica in Spain about 9 km from Seville westwards. This city is located to a very nice climate zone where it’s fertile and warm.
Basically area was first taken by Carthagians but when Lucius Cornelius Scipio Africanus beat them in second Punic war it became Roman land. And because there were so many wounded in the battle of Ilipa, Scipio based the city for wounded in 206 BC.
It’s prime time city had 8000 inhabitants – not so much. Even though it was in the plain of fertile Quadalquivir valley, city started to dwindle at third century AD because land got dry. Reason for that was siltation caused by cutting down of forests nearby. Later on city of Seville started to grow around river Quadalquivir.
Even though size of city was small it gave Rome couple of it’s greatest rulers. Maybe the most successful of them was Trajan who was born and raised here. At Trajan’s time Rome is said to be in it’s widest. And for sure it was in it’s greatest heights. At Trajan’s time there was no nation to challenge Rome.
Another one of big boys of Italica was Hadrian. After Trajan he was considered more as a philosofical nature and did not try to expand Rome but save it’s borders. He was interested of architecture and he built Villa Adriana for himself near Rome – Tivoli. As Trajan he was one of well known and nice emperor’s of Rome.
Hadrian favored his old home town by giving it several public buildings, temples and a very big amphitheatre – even for 25 000 people! Some say it was third largest in realm in it’s time.
In middle one can see the caves and passageways where fighters and equipment were lifted onto arena.
Once amphitheatre was built from heavy stone blocks – probably somekind of sandstone.